Inventory Number: 01.0012
Date of Approval: 13.03.2013
Other Names of the Element: Ağrice, Altı Mayıs, Aya Yorgi, Aziz George, Bahar Bayramı, Ederlez, Eğrice, Eğrilce, Hederlez, Hıdrellez, Hiderlez, Hızır ile İlyas, İderlez, İlkyaz, Mantifer, Mar Curcos, Ruz-ı Hızır (Hızır Günü)
ICH DOMAIN(S): Knowledge and Practices Concerning Nature and the Universe; Oral Traditions and Expressions; Performing Arts; Social Practices, Rituals and Festive Events.
Geographical Distribution (Cities submitted inventory form for the element): Afyonkarahisar, Amasya, Bartın, Bilecik, Çanakkale, Edirne, Elazığ, Giresun, Gümüşhane, Hatay, Isparta, İstanbul, İzmir, Kahramanmaraş, Karabük, Karaman, Kırıkkale, Kırklareli, Kocaeli, Konya, Mardin, Muş, Ordu, Sakarya, Samsun, Sinop, Sivas, Tekirdağ, Tokat, Uşak, Yozgat, Zonguldak
Hıdrellez is a seasonal celebration which is celebrated on May 6th according to the Gregorian Calendar for welcoming the Spring.
6th of May symbolizes expectation for the reborn of the nature, fertility and prosperity after the Winter and recognized ad Hıdrellez. It is based on Hızır cult, it is also believed that Hıdır and İlyas, who are believed to be prophets, are meet each other on this day.
On the eve of Hıdrellez, houses are cleaned, various traditional meals prepared and on May 6th people have picnics on green and watery spaces which are called “Hıdırlık”. Various games, competitions and amusements organized and a bonfire is lighted on the middle of the picnic area. People jump over three times from the bonfire while praying and singing quadrants called “Mani”. Ribbons are tyed to the trees for wishes and vows are taken in case of wishes come true. On the eve of Hıdrellez women write their wishes to the small papers and put into a pot. Pot is left under a rose tree. On the day of Hıdrellez, women gather around, put the pot in the middle of them and take out their wish papers from the pot while singing manis. In some regions wishes are also written on the small papers and thrown to a river or sea for aiming their wishes would reach Hızır.
Hıdırellez is celebrated by both Muslim and Christian communities who want to prepare themselves to spiritual revival of nature and New Year on the same day in different regions of Turkey.